Basic laws every employee should know – Worker’s rights

Basic laws every employee should know – Worker’s rights

As employees, each of us has a number of rights, guaranteed by Constitution or other normative acts. These rights are designed in a manner in which to assure fair payment and prevent abuses. But unluckily, not all employees are completely aware in terms of employment laws and regulations, which turns them into victims of the system. For instance, many are unaware that they are entitled to workers compensation insurance, and this turns them into victims of medical bills and lack of salaries. Especially immigrants that decide to stay and work on US territory are more likely to become victims, as they are unaware of the rights they have. Below are some laws with which all workers should be familiar.

Basic laws every employee should know

1. They have the right to receive a worker’s compensation insurance

Employee’s health at the workplace is protected by Occupational Safety and Health Act in the ‘70s, when lawmakers introduced an act to protect workers from work-related accidents. This is how safety standards at the work place appeared, and how the number of work-related accidents dropped dramatically on the US territory. However, in certain cases, accidents may appear, and some employers offer worker’s compensation insurance policies, with the sole condition not to sue the employer. This policy covers all medical bills that emerge from the accident, and makes it possible for the employer to pay the employee’s off days. This is what we find in many places under the name of a compensation bargain”.

2. The Family and Medical Leave Act

Signed in 1993 by the president Bill Clinton, the Family and Medical Leave Act allows every employee to receive up to 12 unpaid weeks to take care of their health and for fresh parents, to bond with their children. Also, they will benefit from employee health benefits during this time. Also, the Act allows employees to take protected leave if the situation of an ill spouse, ill child, child adoption or birth occurs.

3. The Civil Rights Act

It appeared in 1964, and it was an introduction to the continuously increasing number of employees. This Act also puts the base of civil rights, making it illegal to discriminate based on someone’s skin color. Moreover, the Act protects against discrimination between men and women, and promotes equal pay for equal jobs. This is however, frequently misjudged in our days, many suing for discrimination at the workplace by various activists. Needless to say, these individuals are not judging the wages depending on these coordinates and invoke the so-called “wage gap”. Moreover, this Act protects the pregnant women, and disabled against discrimination in the labor field.

These are three of the most important laws that protect employees and employers from abuses and that regulate the labor field in the United States. These should be starting points for both employers and employees, because, for instance, offering a worker’s insurance policy will protect the employer against former employees suing, let’s say. However, you must make sure that you select carefully the policy provider.